Nutri People from Higher Nature

Condition - High Blood Pressure

What is blood pressure?

Each time your heart beats, it pumps blood through the arteries (large blood vessels). Blood pressure is the force of your blood pushing against the walls of the arteries. Blood pressure is highest when your heart pumps and is known as ‘systolic blood pressure’. When the heart is relaxing between beats your blood pressure falls. This is called the ‘diastolic blood pressure’. Your blood pressure reading uses these two numbers and is usually written as systolic blood pressure/diastolic blood pressure, for example 120/80 mm Hg (millimetres of mercury). 

What is high blood pressure? Bllod pressure check

Normal blood pressure is defined as a reading of 120/80 mm Hg or lower. High blood pressure (also known as hypertension) is defined as a reading of 140/90 mm Hg or higher. You are considered pre-hypertensive if your systolic blood pressure is between 120-139 mm Hg, or your diastolic blood pressure is between 80-89 mm Hg. 

Why is hypertension significant?

Hypertension is a well-recognised risk factor for cardiovascular disease. Most people can’t tell when their blood pressure is high, but high blood pressure can cause stroke, heart attack, heart failure, kidney failure and other serious problems. This is why it’s called the ‘silent killer’. High blood pressure has an even more damaging effect in those who smoke tobacco, who are overweight/obese, who have diabetes, high blood cholesterol levels or kidney disease. 

What are the causes?

In many cases, the cause of hypertension is unknown. However, certain factors can increase the risk of developing high blood pressure.

Risk factors

The following factors can play a role in the development of high blood pressure, especially in those with an inherited tendency to develop it: 

Nutritional considerations

Dietary advice

  1. Always read the food labels for sources of sodium or salt.
  2. Try to avoid processed foods. If you do occasionally buy processed foods, choose those that are low in sodium.
  3. Try not to add salt to your food when cooking (or use very small amounts). Use herbs and spices to flavour foods, including ginger, chilli, lemon juice and fresh or dried herbs (turmeric, cumin seeds, coriander, fennel, bay leaf, etc).
  4. Reduce your use of sodium-containing condiments, including soy sauce, stock cubes, ketchup, mustard, sauces, salad dressings, etc.
  5. Processed meats, smoked meat and fish, bread and breakfast cereals can all contain a lot of hidden salt.
  6. If you decide to use low sodium salt substitutes, use sparingly and check with your doctor first if you have kidney problems or diabetes and if you are taking medication for congestive heart failure or high blood pressure.
  7. Remember to decrease your intake of added salt gradually, to allow time for your taste buds to adjust to the new level of salt.

Lifestyle advice